German Federalism, Subsidiarity and the European Union
The process of European integration has created a new political level alongside the local, state and federal levels, which has had a considerable impact on the federal structure and legal system of the Federal Republic of Germany - do my assignment . The Federation and the Lander have ceded competences to the European Union. Overall, the EU and the member states are faced with the challenge of legally regulating the competences and opportunities for participation of the various political levels. In the case of the federal state of Germany, this involves the levels of the
- the EU
- the federal government,
- the Lander and
- the municipalities.
The Treaty on European Union (Maastricht Treaty), which came into force in 1993, laid down the first regulations on the competences of the member states and anchored the principle of subsidiarity in the EU context - math homework solver . However, as in the Treaty of Amsterdam (1999), the sub-national level was not explicitly mentioned, but only referred to the European level (EU) and the national level (member states). The member states of the federal EU states (Germany, Belgium and Austria) are represented in the Committee of the Regions, which, however, only has an advisory character without far-reaching rights of participation and is not an autonomous and independent body.
The Committee also includes representatives of the so-called "regions" - v ("Europe of the Regions"), which are mostly cross-border regional or local authorities and, unlike the federal states, have no legislative competence (and therefore usually do not have the same interests and demands). The influence of the federal states is therefore limited, because only a small part of the maximum 350 members of the committee is provided by the member states.